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Charge or Block? The NBA Should Revisit The Rules… Again

The NBA should officially allow officials the subjective latitude they’ve already taken, writes Moke Hamilton.

Moke Hamilton



I’m no Damian Lillard, but even in my own right, I’m a bit of a Trail Blazer.

This isn’t about me, but allow me a moment of self-indulgence.

Among the national media, I was among the first voices to notice that LeBron James’ only mission at this point is to run down Kareem Abdul-Jabbar for the NBA’s all-time cumulative scoring record. Similarly, I was the first to raise the flag of doing away with making the NBA’s end of season awards being based solely on regular season accomplishments.

Now, allow me to make a similarly outlandish claim: it’s time for the league to hit the reset button on the age old debate of what constitutes a charge and what constitutes a block. It’s time for the league to delete everything we once thought we knew about the delineation.

Since the days of Michael Jordan, a defender’s best chance of thwarting his Airness was to beat him to a spot on the court and draw a charging foul. As the years have progressed, the line between charge and block has continued to be blurred, though, with the peak of its absurdity transpiring in the NBA Finals, of all places.

Sure, there’s a lot of basketball to be played, and at this point, it’s still possible for either the Golden State Warriors or Cleveland Cavaliers to come out on top in these 2018 NBA Finals.

But there’s no arguing that the result of one play exponentially reduced the probability of the Cavaliers winning an NBA Finals game and there’s no doubt that the ensuing loss equally reduced their chances of winning the championship.

Without even arguing the merits of that play in particular, over the past 25 years, the NBA has attempted to assign objective criteria to a rule that always has and always will be subjective.

What makes matters even worse is that the rules have become so cumbersome that they might as well not even exist.

For example, most people believe that the restricted area underneath the basket is an area in which it is impossible for a defensive player to draw a charge against an offensive player moving toward the basket. This isn’t true.

By rule, if an offensive player’s drive to the hoops begins below the lower defensive box (below the free throw line, in other words), then a charge may still be drawn even if a defensive player is in the restricted area.

We’ve also long held steadfast to the notion that a defensive player must be “planted” and stationary in order to draw a charging foul. However, that also isn’t true. For NBA officials, the delineating mark for a charge versus a block is whether the defender is in a legal guarding position and where his torso is in relation to the player he is defending.

While being planted and stationary certainly helps the determination between a block and a charge easier to make, it’s not the end-all, be-all as it relates to the call. It is possible for both a defender in the restricted area and one who is moving to draw a charge against an offensive player.

If it sounds confusing, that’s because it is.

For evidence of the fact, one need to look no further than former NBA official Steve Javie and the explanation he provided on ABC moments before it was determined and ruled that LeBron James had committed a block foul against Kevin Durant during the final minute of Game 1 of these Finals.

Javie, who spent 25 years as an NBA official and officiated 18 NBA Finals games, declared that Durant committed a charging foul on James because James was the fair owner of the space that Durant later occupied. Javie also stated that he would have called the play a charge because he believed that James beat Durant to the area and that although James was moving slightly when the contact occurred, Javie believed James’ feet to had been planted and that he was “firming up” and preparing for the contact as it was occurring.

In other words, what Javie, a 25-year official told us was that he attached his own subjective interpretation to the rule. Nowhere else had we seen or heard any discussion about whether or not a defensive player has the right to “firm up” or otherwise brace himself for the contact that he sees coming.

Javie joined ESPN’s SportsCenter after the game to discuss the call, but in his appearance, focused primarily on whether the NBA’s officials were permitted to review the call itself and what the rules were in relation to the review. Unlike he did during the game’s broadcast, however, Javie did not opine as to whether or not the play in question was indeed a block or a charge.

Because the play in question was pivotal, it has been and will be debated for quite some time. And regardless as to how you feel about the call that was made or not, the one thing that we can all agree on is that a charge/block call always has and always will be based on the subjective observation of the officials in attendance.

Sure, the NBA’s rulebook allows for a replay review to be made in such a situation, but only if there is a doubt as to whether or not the defensive player was in or outside of the restricted area. Some would review James’ play on Durant and conclude that there shouldn’t have been a doubt, while others will argue that there should have been.

In the end, one simply has to ask whether and at what point we begin to try too hard and end up outsmarting ourselves in the process.

And in the end, one can fairly wonder why it is that we can’t just reevaluate the rules as it relates to a charging foul and leave the call to the subjective interpretation of the three officials whose responsibility it is to call the game.

By rule, if an offensive player and a defensive player are sprinting toward the same basket, the offensive player is within his right to run into the defensive player and initiate contact en route to earning a blocking foul. But how can a defensive player be found guilty of “blocking” the offensive player’s path when the offensive player clearly initiates the contact? It’s a play that we see all the time.

Similarly, if a defensive player is chasing an off-ball defender around and an offensive player runs into him and initiates contact, so long as the defensive player’s feet weren’t planted, the odds of him being called for a blocking foul are quite high.

To quote Tyron Lue, it ain’t right.

At the end of the day, playing defense in basketball, at a very basic level, is about space. We’ve allowed offensive players to draw fouls and defensive players by swinging their arms under the outstretched arms of the defender and have forbidden defensive players from hand checking.

We’ve made the similar mistake of allowing offensive players to run into defensive players and initiate contact, and by permitting officials to pick and choose when to apply rules (seriously, how often do you see a charging foul get reviewed and overturned?), we’re left more confused.

It’s time for the NBA to just be honest. Most calls are obvious, but some aren’t. When they’re not, the officials should officially have the latitude to make a subjective determination as to which player was the fair occupier of the space in which the collision occurred. If the offensive player initiates the contact or fails to avoid a defender who beat him to the space, the call should be a charge. If, however, a defensive player arrives too late to have fair ownership of the space and inhibits the offensive player’s movement, it should be a blocking foul.

Similar to law enforcement officers, a lot of faith is put in the subjective determination of the NBA’s officials. Judgment calls shouldn’t be subject to replay and what happens in a split second doesn’t need to be reviewed for 10 minutes.

Had these guidelines been in place when Durant and James collided, the call still could have gone either way, but at least we’d know that the officials made their decision based on what they perceived in the moment. We wouldn’t be subjected to inequitable administration of replay rules and forced to guess why the officials made the call they did.

For the most part, replays help. Whether or not a shot was a three-pointer or not, whether it was released before the clock expired or not and whether a player was in or out of bounds are all examples of situations where its use is helpful.

When it comes to calling a block or a charge, though? I’m not so sure.

Obviously, neither was Steve Javie.

That’s more than enough for me to know that change is needed.


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NBA Daily: Tacko Fall Out To Prove He’s More Than Tall

Most of the attention centered around Tacko Fall stems from his height, but after an impressive combine outing, he’s out to prove that there’s so much more to him.

Matt John



Tacko Fall was one of the many participants who attended the NBA Draft Combine this past week in Chicago.

By so doing, the combine retrieved all of his official measurements as a player such as his height, weight, and wingspan among others. After the combine was over, Fall had the following measurements.

Height (without shoes): 7’5 ¼’’
Height (with shoes): 7’7″
Weight: 289 pounds
Wingspan: 8’2 ¼’’
Standing Reach: 10’2 ½”
Vertical Leap: 26.5″

Those measurements set many records at the combine. So, in case you didn’t know it before, growing has never exactly been an issue for Tacko Fall. Even though the findings that measured how freakishly tall Fall is shocked the masses, none of them really fazed the man himself as long as that meant he wasn’t going to grow anymore.

“I kind of already knew so I wasn’t really surprised,” Fall said. “I don’t think I’m going to keep growing. I think it’s just going to stay there. Hopefully. We’ll see.”

Fall’s physical advantages made him look like a man among boys in his four years at the University of Central Florida. The Senegal native averaged 2.4 blocks and 7.7 rebounds – in only 23 minutes per game – and put up a scorching field goal percentage of 74 percent over the four-year span of his college career. Basically, Fall’s good stats mainly come from his unrivaled length.

During his time at the combine, Fall believes that sticking to his guns and not doing things out of his comfort zone made him look good to spectators.

“I think I’m doing pretty good,” Fall said. “I’m holding my own. I’m not going out there doing anything out of character. I’m staying true to myself. I’m playing hard. I’m talking. I’m running hard. I’m doing everything that I need to do.”

Despite his towering presence, Fall is not expected to be a high selection in this year’s NBA Draft, if he is selected at all. Not many mock drafts at the time being list his name among those who will be taken, and the ones that do have him among one the last selections in the draft.

Some of his primary critiques as a player include his low assist-to-turnover ratio and his faulty shooting mechanics. The biggest one of them all is his lack of mobility. Being as tall as he is would make it hard for anyone to move around well enough to compete with NBA offenses that rely more on quickness and spacing now than it did on mass.

The concerns surrounding Tacko’s mobility were made loud and clear to him. That’s why he believed he had something to prove to the skeptics at the combine.

“For people my size that’s the biggest thing that they’re looking for,” Fall said. “‘Can he move?’ ‘Can he keep up with the game?’ ‘Can he run the floor?’ ‘Can he step out and guard?’ I feel like I have the ability to do those things. So, coming in here and having the opportunity to play against great competition and showing my abilities have been a great blessing for me.”

Before the combine, Fall’s stock benefited from his final performance as a college basketball player. Tacko and the ninth-seeded Knights fought the first-seeded Blue Devils until the very end but ultimately lost 77-76. Fall had much to do with UCF’s near-upset over Duke, putting up 15 points, six rebounds and three blocks in 25 minutes before fouling out.

That game did a lot for Tacko’s belief in himself as a player leading to the combine. Putting up that kind of stat line against one of the best college basketball programs with three top-10 prospects with so much on the line had to make him feel good about his chances. He said as much following his performance at the combine.

“That was definitely one of the best games in my college basketball career,” Fall said. “It helps build confidence. You go toe-to-toe with those people. You think, ‘Wow I can really do this.’ All you have to do is keep working and working and keep proving that you can step out there and compete every night.”

For some prospects, the NBA Combine is nothing more than just a formality. In fact, multiple prospects for this upcoming draft – including RJ Barrett, Rui Hachimura, and consensus No. 1 pick Zion Williamson – decided to skip out on it. For prospects who are on the bubble like Tacko, it’s a rare opportunity to show that there’s more to them than what they showed in college.

Fall recognized the importance of the occasion and voiced his appreciation for the chance he had to show everyone who attended what he can bring to a basketball court.

“It’s been a great experience,” Fall said. “I’m blessed to be here. I worked really hard. I thank God I’m in this position. I just got to take advantage of it.”

Tacko’s efforts impressed scouts and media members alike. There have been rumblings that his play at the combine has further increased his stock in the NBA Draft. Even with all the work he’s put in and the ambition he has to make it to the biggest stage, Fall is soaking it all in.

“I’m enjoying it because not a lot of people get the opportunity to come here,” Fall said. “I’ve worked really hard and God put me in this position. I’m just trying to enjoy it.”

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NBA Daily: Bruno Fernando Is Ready To Take On The NBA

After his sophomore season at Maryland, Bruno Fernando is confident that he is ready to take on the NBA, writes James Blancarte.

James Blancarte



The 2019 NBA Draft Lottery kicked off the draft season in a shocking way as numerous teams jumped into the top four due to the new draft structure. After the Lottery, it’s a bit easier to predict the order in which Zion Williamson, Ja Morant and R.J. Barrett will be selected. Who gets drafted after that, and in what order, is still very much unclear. There are some consensus players in the upper half of the first round. After that, things get very interesting.

Expect the mock draft boards to be all over the place as we move closer to this year’s draft, especially after going through the Combine. Many once less-heralded players show up to the Combine with eye-opening physical measurements, impress in workouts and scrimmages and demonstrate a level of professional polish, among other things.

Last year, after his Freshman season as Maryland, center Bruno Fernando participated in the draft process. Fernando did not sign with an agent and ultimately returned to Maryland where he continued to raise his profile. This year, Fernando again participated in the Combine and spoke with Basketball Insiders.

“I think what’s different this time around is just how much easier it’s gotten. For me, how much more comfortable I am. How much easier it is. Obviously, you know what to expect,” Fernando told Basketball Insiders. “I think just really being here and being around the guys on the team has been a completely different experience than I had last year. This year I know a lot more of the guys. I’ve been working out with a lot of different guys. I think it’s just been a much, much better experience.”

Starting all but one game his sophomore year, Fernando averaged 13.6 points, 10.6 rebounds, 1.9 blocks and two assists per game. These averages were a significant jump over his freshman year. Fernando uses an aggressive, mobile game at and around the basket to do his damage. After solidifying his game on the court, he felt comfortable enough signing with an agent and letting Maryland know he wouldn’t be returning for his junior year. Fernando is now confident about his positioning in the draft, which played a factor in his decision to not play in five-on-five scrimmages.

“Last year I was in a position where I didn’t really know where I stand as much. Last year I had to find out a lot of things coming into the combine,” Fernando said. “And this year I think I am in a position just by talking to my agent and my coaches where I feel like I’m in a position where I’m a lot comfortable compared to last year, in a much better place. Having that that feedback from teams really, my agent really felt like that was the best decision for me not to play five-on-five.”

Fernando’s offensive prowess and athletic upside have him looking like a solid first-round pick. According to the Basketball Insiders version 3.0 mock draft, Fernando is projected to go anywhere from 14th- 29th overall. Tommy Beer projects him to go 25th. Being drafted in the first-round, in general, portends a better career as teams find themselves with a greater financial stake in the player and accordingly will be pinning higher hopes for that prospect.

At 6-foot-10, Fernando projects as a low post threat with excellent handwork who can score with a variety of moves down low as well as a lob threat. Fernando also occasionally takes advantage of steal and breakaway opportunities to run the floor and score easy points with his ferocious dunking ability. He didn’t do much damage from distance, although his shooting stroke and mechanics make that part of his game a potential future weapon in his arsenal. Fernando addressed that very point.

“The part of my game that is unseen so far is my ability to space the floor. My ability to dribble the ball and put the ball on the floor, take guys off the dribble and my shooting ability,” Fernando told Basketball Insiders. “I really think my shooting ability is something that people don’t notice that I am able to shoot the ball. Just because of my situation in Maryland where I didn’t really take many shots. You know, I never really had to come outside and try to play outside. You know we had a lot of really good players on the perimeter. I think it’s really just a matter of me staying to true to myself, who I am and trying to win in the best way possible.”

Any team in need of a possible pick-and-roll threat who can score down low should keep an eye on Fernando. Whether a team believes that Fernando can also be successful as a stretch big is not as clear. Where Fernando ends up is still totally up in the air. Regardless, he’s grateful for the opportunity to be the first representative from his own home country of Angola to play in the NBA and made it clear that he has been hearing from other Angola natives.

“Sending a lot of love and positive energy, lot of words of encouragement for me and I think it is really special to get those text messages,” Fernando told Basketball Insiders. “Having people from home texting me every single day. Just knowing that a whole nation is behind me. I’m here fighting and sacrificing to make a dream come true, something that will not just benefit me but a whole nation.”

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NBA Daily: Who Is Cam Reddish?

An underwhelming season at Duke casts a shadow over Cam Reddish, who oozes talent and potential. Shane Rhodes looks to answer the question: Who is Cam Reddish?

Shane Rhodes



“I’m Cam Reddish.”

Cam Reddish gave the tongue-in-cheek response Thursday at the 2019 NBA Draft Combine when asked “who he is” as a basketball player.
But who is Reddish?

A former high school phenom, five-star recruit and projected top pick, Reddish was expected to flourish at Duke University under the watch of Mike Krzyzewski. When R.J. Barrett and Zion Williamson later followed him to Durham, North Carolina, the three were expected to take the NCAA by storm.

Things didn’t quite go as planned.

While he is still a projected lottery pick, the jury is out on just who Reddish is and how his game will translate to the NBA. A dominant force in high school, the reserved 19-year-old took a backseat to Barrett and Williamson as the three tried but failed to capture a National Championship in their lone season together at Duke.

When compared to the sky-high expectations that were set for him, Reddish underwhelmed mightily as a Blue Devil, and that played a major part in their failure. Relegated to the role of a spot-up shooter and the third option on offense, Reddish averaged an okay, not good 13.5 points on just 12 attempts across 36 games. He managed a meager 35.6% from the field (33.3% from three) and dished out just 1.9 assists per game. When he had the ball, he often deferred to Barrett and Williamson, too often for some.

The focal point of his high school team at Westtown School, Reddish was lauded for the ability that made him a top recruit. He oozed (and still oozes) athleticism – Reddish, who weighed in at 208 pounds, was measured as 6-foot-8 with a 7-foot wingspan at the Combine – and is as versatile as they come. At Westtown, Reddish ran the point, while he spent most of his time at the two-guard or in the front-court at Duke. He was an aggressive, efficient scorer that had no problem getting what he wanted on the floor with the ball in his hands.

But at Duke, that player that Reddish was, the aggressiveness and ease at which he operated, seemed to disappear for long stretches. Those struggles have cast a large shadow over someone that had the look of a future superstar, and Reddish’s draft stock has taken a hit as a result. While some still stand behind him and his talent, plenty of others have faded Reddish in favor of other prospects.

But, at the Combine, Reddish isn’t dwelling on what was or what could have been at Duke. He just trying to learn and get back to being that do-it-all force that he was.

“I’m just trying to learn about the NBA process,” Reddish said. “I’m just trying to get back to who I can be, who I am.”

But that begs the question: who, exactly, is Reddish, and what could he do at the NBA level?

“I feel like I can do everything,” Reddish said. “I was more of a shooter this year – I don’t want to classify myself as just a shooter. I feel like if I just go out there and play my game, I can do a variety of things.”

“Once I show that, I should definitely move up [draft boards].”

There were plenty of flashes of that player during his short stint at Duke. Reddish, at times, seemed to will the ball into the basket, while his shooting stroke appeared to be as good as advertised. He had a knack for performing in the clutch, with multiple shots to win or tie the game for Duke, or keep them in it down the stretch when the others started to fade. The wing managed double-digit points in 23 games, 15 of which he posted 15 or more points (with 20 or more points in eight of those). Reddish managed 18 multi-steal performances and recorded a block or more in 16 games as well.

Wrap all of that up with his plus-defensive ability, and Reddish could very well prove the type of player that could do a little bit of everything for an NBA squad. But he can bring more than that, not only on the court, but off the court as well.

While some may perceive his passiveness alongside Barrett and Williamson as a negative, a lack of “mamba-mentality” or killer instinct that many teams hope for in their top draft picks, Reddish could (and probably should) just as easily be applauded for his willingness to share the ball and step into an ancillary role on a team loaded with talent. As we saw this season with the Boston Celtics, who were projected by many to go challenge the Golden State Warriors for the Larry O’Brien trophy but flamed out against the Milwaukee Bucks after a season fraught with discontent, that can be hard to do on the biggest stage.

And, while he is the quiet type, Reddish made it a point to say that evaluators shouldn’t confuse that for laziness or lack of effort.

“I’m kind of reserved – my personality is kind of reserved – some people might take that as lazy or too laid back. But that’s not just who I am, I’m just a naturally reserved, calm guy.”

There were certainly issues, however.

Despite flashes, Reddish wasn’t the player he could be on anywhere near a consistent basis, even in a smaller role. His time at Duke revealed some major deficiencies in his game and presented some serious causes for concern; a penchant for bad shots, struggles close to the basket and the inability to maximize his athletic gifts. On more than one occasion, he looked to have turned the corner, only to drop another underwhelming performance soon after.

All of that doesn’t exactly bode well for Reddish’s transition to the NBA, regardless of the team that picks him on draft night.

But, the potential is there for him to be great. Now it’s on Reddish to capitalize on that potential.

Reddish could very well prove the most polarizing prospect in the 2019 Draft Class. His ability to maximize his natural talent and recapture the aggressiveness that pushed him to the top of his recruiting class could prove the difference between him becoming the next Jeff Green or the next Paul George

Or, should he really find himself at the next level, he could become the first Cam Reddish.

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