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NBA AM: Changing The NBA Age Limit

The NBA’s Age Limit will eventually change, but there are myths about the rule and the options players have.

Steve Kyler

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Changing The NBA Age Limit

In the wake of another scandal in college basketball, the topic of dropping the NBA’s so-called “one and done” rule—where a player must be one year removed from his graduating class in the year he was drafted—has come back to the surface. The NBA has been looking at this issue for some time, and while there are good reasons on both sides of the argument, there are also some myth and misconceptions.

Before we dig into those, it’s important to note than even NBA Commissioner Adam Silver has admitted that the goal of holding straight from high school players out of the NBA hasn’t worked as expected, but no one is ready to throw open the floodgates either.

Here are some things to know:

It’s Not About Ability, It’s About Maturity

Let’s address the most obviously flawed concept regarding the age limit in the NBA. It is not at all about the ability to play. It is about everything else that comes with being a professional. The idea of having kids spend a year outside of high school is about helping them understand the life skills needed to survive in the NBA.

Former Celtics draft pick and current Milwaukee Buck Gerald Green once told his story, being one of the last straight-from-high-school draft prospects. He recalled the culture shock of transition from high school where his mother woke him up and drove him to practice, to then being in an NBA city trying to manage his life and simply make practice. He admitted that he could hang with anyone on the court, but it was the off the court responsibilities that he struggled to understand being an 18-year old with millions of dollars and real professional responsibilities.

One year in college isn’t going to change your life, but it would force you to understand how to manage yourself a little more than you might have to in high school.

The NBA has done studies that players that have the most experience coming into the NBA tend to have longer careers. While there are no questions some of the best in the modern era have had excellent Hall of Fame worthy careers, but for every LeBron James, there is a Korleone Young or Ndudi Ebi.

When you factor in that massively inexperienced players usually take longer to develop, there is a greater risk associated because of the nature of high school athletics and AAU. While College basketball has its flaws for sure; being able to see how a player handles himself in that environment is a pretty good predictor of how they’ll handle life in the NBA early on, especially in terms of accepting coaching and mentorship.

The NBA’s age system is not about ability to play; it has never been. It’s about helping teams understand who has the best chance to grow into a long-term player and that’s pretty hard to predict by itself. The more time teams have to look at players, the more they can close the gaps – or at least that was the mindset behind the rule.

There Are Other Options

It’s pretty common, especially in the wake of the current NCAA scandal over under-the-table money being paid to players, to hear someone say “these kids have the right to earn a living.” There are options other than going to college.

Brandon Jennings opted to forego college and went to Italy and made more than a $1 million in his “gap year.” He also signed a lucrative shoe deal.

Denver’s Emmanuel Mudiay opted to go China. He too made more than $1 million in China and signed a lucrative shoe deal too.

Both ended up being lottery picks without a minute in college.

Players do not have to go to college. They could spend that year internationally or in the newly branded “G-League.”

Most opt to go to college because of the life experience and the exposure that comes from high-level basketball. It’s pretty intoxicating being the “Big Man on Campus.” Equally, not many U.S. high school kids dream of pulling on a CSKA Moscow or a Lottomatica Roma jersey.

Jennings and Mudiay both made real money abroad but were not exactly the superstars on their respective teams they would have been in college, so let’s not act like the players don’t have choices if they wanted to earn above-the-table money.

Is college sports a broken concept? Many would argue yes simply because of the huge monies coming into the programs, but that’s not the real point.

The idea that high-level players—the ones getting caught up in the current scandal—have options.

The NBA Rules Are Not The Same As NCAA Rules

It’s also important to understand that there are two different sets of rules. The NBA rules say you are not eligible unless you are 18 and one-year removed from your high school graduating class in the year you are drafted.

It’s the NCAA rules that create the issues.

Having talked to several NBA executives, some would be in favor of having players be draft eligible, getting drafted and returning to school. That happens in baseball and hockey. It’s the NCAA that rules a player ineligible if he stays in the draft.

Many of the dates and processes regarding payments and eligibility are college rules, not NBA rules.

The International Model

The international model has been interesting for some time because in Europe, high-level players turn professional at 13 and 14 years old and get placed on youth teams. They are usually paid very little, but they don’t have to fake their way through school, which many players do in the U.S. They focus on basketball in an academy setting and grow into high-level leagues. The teams that sign them early usually eat the cost and the risk, but ultimately sell those players rights down the line to make money off the exchange.

Mavericks owner Mark Cuban once joked that someone would sign five or six of the top freshman in high school, put them through a prep school program and sell them to the NBA when they are eligible, just like European teams do in paying $500,000 towards a contract buyout.

While no one has tried to do that yet; there may be something to getting the pure “one-and-done,” “I don’t care about college” players out of the system. Then, we could let college basketball be about those players that want to go to class, pursue a degree and get the guys waiting in line for the NBA into a system that better develops them for the next level.

Commissioner Silver’s commentary on the current state of “one and done” is that many players have figured out they need to enroll in 12 credits and get at least a C average through the first semester to stay eligible and quit going to class after that milestone.

Sixers forward Ben Simmons admitted to doing exactly that in his Showtime documentary that chronicled his path to the NBA.

Maybe the European club model is a better fit than the faux “one and done” system. Look at last year. Once Washington was basically eliminated from tournament play, top over pick Markelle Fultz basically shut it down to ensure he was healthy for the NBA draft.

Change Is Coming

There is little doubt that something has to change, not just because of the current NCAA scandal, but because the current system is not preparing players any better than the straight-from-high-school system. With more teams owning or at least controlling their own development teams, maybe it is time to look at straight from high school again through a different prism.

Equally, maybe baseball has the right system, where a player can come straight from high school, but if he opts not to come, he has to do three years of college.

It is important to keep in mind that all of this is not about ability to play. It’s about making sure that the players that come into the NBA can become the best possible player they can be and that they have the life skills and experience to manage the demands of professional life off the court.

It’s easy to get enamored with a player’s on-court skills, but if the player can handle being coached, can’t handle the spotlight and the pressure, then what service did the league give that player to let him come in and fail?

Beyond the player, think about the teams. The easiest way to be irrelevant in sports is to botch the draft. When you look at the teams that continue to flounder towards the bottom, many of them missed on draft picks. When you look at the teams that are on the top or stay at the top, they usually don’t miss on draft picks.

There is little doubt change in the age requirement of the NBA is coming. It seems inevitable. The challenge in the equation is finding a rule both the NBA and the players can accept, as the age limit is something in the collective bargaining agreement. Both sides have said for some time change is needed, so its simply a matter of time before change is made.

More Twitter: Make sure you are following all of our guys on Twitter to ensure you are getting the very latest from our team: @stevekylerNBA, @MikeAScotto, @LangGreene, @EricPincus, @joelbrigham, @TommyBeer, @MokeHamilton , @jblancartenba, @Ben_Dowsett, @CodyTaylorNBA, @SpinDavies, @BuddyGrizzard, @JamesB_NBA, @DennisChambers_, and @Ben__Nadeau .

Steve Kyler is the Editor and Publisher of Basketball Insiders and has covered the NBA and basketball for the last 17 seasons.

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A Few Good Free Agents Left

David Yapkowitz looks at several free agents still remaining on the market ahead of the season.

David Yapkowitz

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The start of the 2017-2018 NBA season is finally here, and teams are required to have their 15-man roster (plus two possible two-way contacts) finalized. Every year there are players that are left off a roster. Some are younger guys who maybe haven’t proven they belong in the league just yet. Some are older veterans looking for that one final hurrah.

A few of these players might take open gigs in the G-League or overseas in hopes of attracting the attention of NBA front offices as the year goes on. Others remain at home, working out and waiting for that call that might never come. And sometimes, the waiting and anticipating pays off as playoff teams come looking for veteran help and tanking teams are on the hunt for unrealized potential.

For most of the veteran guys, their opportunities will likely come later in the season when teams gear up for the playoffs. Here’s a look at a few of the top veteran free agents left that could certainly help a team at some point during this season.

David Lee

Since being traded from the Golden State Warriors to the Boston Celtics three year ago, Lee has adapted to his new role as a veteran big man helping to anchor second units. He is no longer the automatic double-double machine and borderline All-Star he once was, but that doesn’t mean he doesn’t have anything left in the tank.

He didn’t really fit quite right in Boston, but in his stops with the Dallas Mavericks and San Antonio Spurs, he still showed he can be a solid contributor off the bench. In 25 games with Mavericks in the 2015-2016 season, Lee put up 8.5 points per game on 63.6 percent shooting while pulling down seven rebounds per. With the Spurs last year, he averaged 7.3 points on 59 percent shooting to go along with 5.6 rebounds. For a playoff team that needs a little big man depth, he is a solid option.

Deron Williams

Much was made about Williams’ disappearing act in the Finals last year, and rightfully so, but lost in all the chatter was the actual solid job he did with the Cleveland Cavaliers leading up to that point. Once in the conversation for best point guard in the league, injuries and poor play in Brooklyn sort of made Williams a forgotten man. The Nets bought out his contract and he joined his hometown Dallas Mavericks.

After a so-so first year in Dallas, Williams looked rejuvenated last year to the point that he actually drew some interest around the trade deadline. With the Mavericks looking to get younger and head closer to that rebuilding path, they cut Williams and allowed him to join a contending team. Over the final 24 games of last season, including four starts, he averaged 7.5 points per game on 46.3 percent shooting, 41.5 percent from the three-point line, and 3.6 assists. Of course, his Finals performance is all anyone cares to remember, but if a team needs a veteran backup point guard, they could do a lot worse.

Monta Ellis

Last season in Indiana, Ellis posted some of the lowest numbers of his career since his rookie season. Heading into a rebuilding year, the Pacers waived Ellis and his name barely came up in free agent rumors during the summer. At his best, Ellis was a borderline All-Star talent who could put up points in a hurry. Despite his reputation as a gunner, Ellis was a bit of an underrated playmaker and was never as bad defensively as most made him out to be.

He never really seemed to find his groove in Indiana. In his first year with the Pacers during the 2015-2016 season, he posted 13.8 points per game, down from 18.9 the previous year in Dallas, and his shooting dropped from 44.5 percent from the field to 42.7 percent. His playoff numbers with the Pacers were down even more than his regular season numbers, despite exploding in the postseason a few years before with Dallas. His starting days are almost assuredly behind him, but as a sixth man type scorer bringing energy off the bench, he’s probably better than a lot of the players currently in that role.

Leandro Barbosa

The Brazilian Blur’s best days are behind him, but similar to Ellis, he can still help a team in need of additional scoring punch off the bench. It was only two years ago that he was a key contributor off the Warriors bench. Firmly on the rebuilding track, the Suns waived Barbosa during the summer. Despite still being a capable player, his name also rarely came up in the free agent rumor mill.

He didn’t play all that much last season for a Phoenix Suns team that is clearly rebuilding, but he still was able to average 6.3 points per game in only 14.4 minutes per. His role on a rebuilding team would be a veteran mentor, but for a playoff team, he’s not a bad option. He showed that he can still play at the NBA level despite losing a step or two. Perhaps later on in the season when teams start looking for playoff help is when he may find his phone starting to ring.

Derrick Williams

The former No. 2 overall pick in the 2011 draft hasn’t quite lived up to the expectations that come with being drafted that high. He’s only averaged double figures (12.0) in scoring once in his career and that was during the 2012-2013 season. When he came into the league, he didn’t really have much of a set position. He was a tweener, somewhere in between small forward and power forward. That was prior to the changes occurring in today’s NBA with more of a premium on stretch big men.

During Williams’ time in Cleveland last season, he played in 25 games and averaged 6.2 points per game. What stood out most, however, was his shooting. He shot 50.5 percent from the field, including 40.4 percent from the three-point line, both career-highs. Shooting from long range was always a bit of a weakness for him and prior to last season, he had never shot higher than 33.2 percent from downtown. He also didn’t register much chatter by way of free agent rumors, but if he can reproduce shooting percentages like that, he fits right in with the direction of the league.

With league rosters pretty much set, there likely won’t be much roster movement, if any at all, for the next few months. Teams are looking to see how their new summer acquisitions work out. But after a few months of real game action, other roster needs start to become more apparent. Don’t be surprised if come the new year, teams start knocking on a few of these player’s doorsteps.

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NBA PM: The Wizards Are “More Than Ready” For A Big Year

Washington Wizards shooting guard Bradley Beal says his team is “more than ready” for the start of the NBA season.

Buddy Grizzard

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With several teams in the Eastern Conference taking a step back, the Washington Wizards will be one of the beneficiaries due to roster continuity. Shooting guard Bradley Beal, one of several key Wizards signed to a long-term contract, said the team is “more than ready” for the season and has large expectations.

“This is going to be a big year for us,” said Beal after a Monday practice. “We’re healthy. There’s no excuse for us [not to] get off to a good start.”

Beal added that, while health is a key for the entire roster, it’s especially important for him after struggling with injuries in the past.

“It’s really a confidence booster, realizing my potential, what I can be, the type of player I can be when I had a healthy season,” said Beal of last year’s campaign. “That’s probably what I was more proud of than anything, playing 70-plus games and then playing in the playoffs every game.”

In Basketball Insiders’ season preview for the Wizards, we noted that Beal was Washington’s most efficient ball handler in the pick and roll last season. Beal said that creating for teammates is something he’s worked on in the offseason and will continue to be a point of emphasis.

“That was great for me and the strides I made throughout the year, working on my ball handling, working on creating for other guys and getting my own shot,” said Beal. “Those are the primary things I’m focused on … being able to create better, getting guys easier shots than before, getting more assists and improve everywhere.”

Wizards coach Scott Brooks said after Friday’s preseason finale in New York that he’s been encouraged by the ball movement he has seen since the start of camp.

“I thought a lot of good things happened in training camp,” said Brooks. “The ball movement was outstanding. Guys were sacrificing for one another on the offensive end.”

One thing that should help the ball movement of the second unit is the arrival of backup point guard Tim Frazier, who missed most of the preseason due to a strained groin. Frazier had nine assists and no turnovers in his preseason debut against the Miami HEAT.

“I feel very comfortable with Tim,” said Brooks. “He finds corner threes, which we like.”

Beal added that one area he hopes to improve, both individually and as a team, is rebounding.

“I think I only had like three rebounds [per game] last year,” said Beal. “I obviously love scoring the ball. That’s something I never worry about. I want to continue to fill up the stat sheet a little bit more and contribute to the game in different areas. I think rebounding was something that hurt us a little bit last year.”

The Wizards host the Philadelphia 76ers to open the season Wednesday, and Brooks said it will take a team effort to defend emerging star Joel Embiid.

“He’s a problem,” said Brooks after Sunday’s practice. “His athleticism is off the charts. We’re going to have to do a good job of staying in front of him. You’re talking about a guy that can put the ball on the floor, that can get to spaces and spots that normally a 6-10 guy doesn’t.”

With a revamped bench, roster continuity and good health entering the season, the Wizards look like a team that could challenge the Cavaliers, Celtics and Raptors for supremacy in the East. Beal certainly seems to think so.

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NBA Opening Night Storylines

Hours before the 2017-18 season gets set to tip off, here are some storylines to follow for Tuesday’s games.

Dennis Chambers

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The long summer is over. We finally made it. NBA opening night is upon us.

Rejoice, hoop heads.

Because the NBA is a perfect concoction of chaos at all times, Tuesday’s opening night slate has some can’t-miss built in headlines that the entire league is going to be glued to.

With a new year set to begin, everyone is on the same page. Whether that page includes the likes of Kevin Durant and Steph Curry or Doug McDermott and Tim Hardaway Jr. is a different story. But still, Tuesday marks day one for all teams and as it stands they’re all equal.

As we get set to sit down and dissect these opening game matchups on Tuesday, let’s highlight the most intriguing storylines that will be followed for the rest of the season. There’s nothing like watching a story grown in the NBA from its inception, right?

Boston Celtics vs. Cleveland Cavaliers — 8 p.m. ET (TNT)

This is the game we’ve all been waiting for since late June, when Kyrie Irving let it be known to Cavs owner Dan Gilbert that he wanted out from under LeBron’s shadow.

Three years of NBA Finals appearances, the greatest comeback in basketball history, and a ring to show for was all Irving wanted to walk away from. For him, he felt it was his time to shine.

And because the NBA is the perfect mix of beautiful insanity, it would only make sense that Irving would get dealt to the very team that is jostling for position to unseat the Cavs and King James.

The Irving-led Boston Celtics will have to wait a grand total of one second in the new NBA season to begin their matchup with their point guards old teammates and the team that stands in between them a Finals appearance. With Gordon Hayward and Irving together for the first time against meaningful competition, there’s no better way than to check their fit from the jump than by challenging the conference champions in their building.

But Irving’s homecoming isn’t the only storyline heading into the first game of the season. There are some changes on Cleveland’s end as well.

While the main return for Irving — Isaiah Thomas — won’t be suiting up for the Cavs anytime soon due to injury, there are still plenty of new faces to keep an eye on Tuesday night. First and foremost, Flash is in town. After having his contract bought out by the Chicago Bulls, Dwyane Wade joined forces with his buddy in The Land in hopes of recapturing some of the magic that led them to two championships in South Beach.

By teaming up once again, James and Wade provide some of the best chemistry in the league. Yes, Wade isn’t the player he once was when he and James were winning rings. But something is to be said for knowing exactly where someone will be on the court at all times, and that’s the trait exactly that Wade and James share.

Along with Wade, James and the Cavs are hoping to get some type of resurgence from Derrick Rose and Jeff Green off of the bench. Once Thomas returns to the court for Cleveland, this is arguably the deepest team James has ever been around in Cleveland.

Even with Irving and Hayward on board, Boston will be relying on some role players of their own — namely Jayson Tatum and Jaylen Brown. The back-to-back third overall picks will occupy most of the time at the forward spots opposite of Hayward. As the season moves on, the development of both of these wings will be crucial to how dangerous the Celtics can be past their two star players.

Tuesday night will be must-see television at Quicken Loans Arena. New eras for the Eastern Conference heavyweights are about to begin.

And as James told ESPN’s Rachel Nichols, “The Kid” will be just fine.

Houston Rockets vs. Golden State Warriors — 10:30 p.m. ET (TNT)

On the Western side of the basketball landscape Tuesday night, the potential conference finals matchup will see its first act when the revamped Rockets head to the Bay Area.

Last season at this time, the basketball world was bracing for what the Warriors would look like after adding Kevin Durant to a 73-win team. And as expected, they dominated. Not even LeBron James could put a stop to them, managing just one win in their finals bout.

This year brings in more of the same questions. Can anyone stop the Warriors? Will Golden State just steamroll their way to another championship, effectively sucking the fun of competition out of the entire league?

Well, a few teams this offseason did their best to try and combat that narrative. One of them being the Rockets, who they added perennial all-star point guard Chris Paul to their backcourt.

Putting Paul in the same backcourt as superstar James Harden has the potential to create some of the biggest headaches for opposing teams. The constant ball movement and open looks the two star guards can provide are nearly endless.

While the league swoons over the Warriors’ ability to hit shots from well beyond the arc, it should be noted that it was Houston last year that led the NBA in three-point shooting, not Golden State. It’s certainly not wise to try and go toe-to-toe with the Warriors at their own game, but if there’s ever a team equipped to do it, it’s Houston. Tuesday night will provide a nice preview look at how things in the Western Conference could shake out in the coming months.

Aside from the barrage of scoring that will take place in this matchup, what would a big game be for the Warriors without a little Draymond Green trash talk?

After Rockets head coach Mike D’Antoni told ESPN that, “You’re not gonna stop them. It’s just not gonna happen. They’re not gonna stop us, either,” Green clapped back with a comment of his own, as he always does.

“I don’t know how serious they take defense with that comment,” Green said. “But they added some good defensive players.”

It’s true, the Rockets aren’t considered a defensive stalwart by any means. Last season, Houston was 26th in points allowed, compared to second in points scored. Green may be onto something when it comes to questioning how serious his opponents take defense.

That being said, last year’s Rockets didn’t feature Paul. Even at the age of 32, Paul is still one of the league’s best on-ball defenders. And no matter his age, he’ll always possess that competitive fire he’s been known for over the last 12 years.

Going up against the Warriors at Oracle is usually nothing short of impossible, but if there’s going to be a team to challenge their supremacy this season, we’ll get a good look at how they stack up on night one.

With all of this in mind, let’s not forget that the world’s best league is finally back in action. Give yourself a pat on the back, you made it. Now, go enjoy some basketball.

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