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The History of the “One-And-Done” Era

An in-depth look at the impact of “one-and-done” era for the NBA Draft.

Yannis Koutroupis

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Since recently taking over for the retired David Stern NBA Deputy Commissioner Adam Silver has been adamantly clear that increasing the age limit for the NBA Draft is his top priority. In 2006 the league made high schoolers ineligible for the draft, requiring them to be at least a year removed graduation before being able to declare. This led to the creation of the term “one-and-done” to describe players who only attended college for a year before leaving for the draft. It’s important to note that prospects had the option to go to the D-League, like Latavious Williams did, or play overseas, which Brandon Jennings and Jeremy Tyler chose to do, rather than going to college. However, the vast majority took the NCAA route.

In the latest round of collective bargaining the league and player’s union discussed changes, but ultimately decided to put them off until further research was done. Now, a certain increase is on the horizon.

Below you will find some of the most relevant data on how the one-and-done era has gone, including career earnings, draft range selected, team history and much more so that you can see what is influencing the league to make this change. Note: Data ranges from 2006-2014:

  • 63 freshmen (one redshirt) have declared
  • 51 were selected in the first round, 8 in the second, 4 went undrafted.
  • 9 former draft picks are no longer in the NBA (Tyrus Thomas, Shawne Williams, Javaris Crittenton, DaQuan Cook, Donte Green, Bill Walker, Daniel Orton, Hassan Whiteside and Josh Selby)
  • 6 others have never played a game (Tiny Gallon, Grant Jerrett, Nate Miles, Tommy Mason-Griffin, Jereme Richmond, Roscoe Davis). Only Gallon and Jerrett were selected, both in the second round.
  • 8 have made All-Star appearances (Kevin Durant, Derrick Rose, Kevin Love, DeMar DeRozan, Jrue Holiday, John Wall, Kyrie Irving, Anthony Davis). Of the All-Stars none have left via free agency, yet. Only one, Holiday, doesn’t play for the team that he was originally drafted by. He was traded by the 76ers on draft night last year.

Freshmen drafted by year (Player – selection):

2006 – 2 (Tyrus Thomas* – 4th, Shawne Williams – 17th)
2007 – 8 (Greg Oden – 1st, Kevin Durant – 2nd, Mike Conley Jr. – 4th, Brandon Wright – 8th, Spencer Hawes – 10th, Thaddeus Young – 12th, Javaris Crittenton – 19th, Daequan Cook – 21st)
2008 – 12 (Derrick Rose – 1st, Michael Beasley – 2nd, O.J. Mayo – 3rd, Kevin Love – 5th, Eric Gordon – 7th, Jerryd Bayless – 11th, Anthony Randolph – 14th, J.J. Hickson – 19th, Kosta Koufos – 23rd, Donte Green – 28th, DeAndre Jordan – 35th, Bill Walker – 47th)
2009 – 4 (Tyreke Evans – 4th, DeMar DeRozan – 9th, Jrue Holiday – 17th, Byron Mullens – 24th, undrafted: Nate Miles)
2010 – 10 (John Wall – 1st, Derrick Favors – 3rd, DeMarcus Cousins – 5th, Xavier Henry – 12th, Eric Bledsoe – 18th, Avery Bradley – 19th, Daniel Orton – 29th, Hassan Whiteside – 33rd, Lance Stephenson -40th, Tiny Gallon – 47th, undrafted: Tommy Mason-Griffin)
2011 – 6 (Kyrie Irving – 1st, Tristan Thompson – 4th, Brandon Knight – 8th, Tobias Harris – 19th, Cory Joseph – 29th, Josh Selby – 49th, undrafted: Roscoe Davis, Jereme Richmond)
2012 – 9 (Anthony Davis – 1st, Michael Kidd-Gilchrist – 2nd, Brad Beal – 3rd, Andre Drummond – 9th, Austin Rivers – 10th, Maurice Harkless – 15th, Tony Wroten – 25th, Marquis Teague – 29th, Quincy Miller – 38th)
2013 – 8 (Anthony Bennett – 1st, Nerlens Noel – 6th, Ben McLemore – 7th, Steven Adams – 12th, Shabazz Muhammad – 14th, Archie Goodwin – 29th, Ricky Ledo – 43rd, Grant Jerrett – 40th)

*Redshirt freshman

Freshmen Selected by pick:

No. 1 – 6
No. 2 – 3
No. 3 – 3
No. 4 – 4
No. 5 – 2
No.6 – 1
No. 7 – 2
No. 8 – 2
No. 9 – 2
No 10. – 2
No. 11 – 1
No. 12 – 3
No. 14 – 2
No. 15 – 1
No. 17 – 2
No. 18 – 1
No. 19 – 4
No. 21 – 1
No. 23 – 1
No. 24 – 1
No. 25 – 1
No. 28 – 1
No. 29 – 4
No. 33 – 1
No. 35 – 1
No. 38 – 1
No. 40 – 2
No. 43 – 1
No. 47 – 2
No. 49 – 1

Total freshmen drafted by team:

Sacramento Kings – 5 (Spencer Hawes, Tyreke Evans, DeMarcus Cousins, Hassan Whiteside, Ben McLemore)
Memphis Grizzlies – 5 (Mike Conley Jr., O.J. Mayo, Xavier Henry, Josh Selby, Tony Wroten)
Cleveland Cavaliers – 4 (J.J. Hickson, Kyrie Irving, Tristan Thompson, Anthony Bennett)
Oklahoma City Thunder – 4 (Kevin Durant, Byron Mullens, Steven Adams, Grant Jerrett)
Philadelphia 76ers – 4 (Thaddeus Young, Jrue Holiday, Maurice Harkless, Nerlens Noel)
Chicago Bulls – 3 (Tyrus Thomas, Derrick Rose, Marquis Teague)
Los Angeles Clippers – 3 (Eric Gordon, DeAndre Jordan, Eric Bledsoe)
Boston Celtics – 2 (Bill Walker and Avery Bradley)
Detroit Pistons – 2 (Brandon Knight, Andre Drummond)
Golden State Warriors – 2 (Brandon Wright, Anthony Randolph)
Indiana Pacers – 2 (Shawne Williams, Lance Stephenson)
Miami HEAT – 2 (Daquan Cook, Michael Beasley)
Milwaukee Bucks – 2 (Tiny Gallon, Tobias Harris)
Minnesota Timberwolves – 2 (Kevin Love, Shabazz Muhammad)
New Orleans Pelicans – 2 (Anthony Davis, Austin Rivers)
Portland Trail Blazers – 2 (Greg Oden, Jerryd Bayless)
Washington Wizards – 2 (John Wall, Brad Beal)
Orlando Magic – 1 (Daniel Orton)
Brooklyn Nets – 1 (Derrick Favors)
Charlotte Bobcats – 1 (Michael Kidd-Gilchrist)
Dallas Mavericks – 1 (Ricky Ledo)
Denver Nuggets – 1 (Quincy Miller)
Los Angeles Lakers – 1 (Javaris Crittenton)
Phoenix Suns – 1 (Archie Godwin)
San Antonio Spurs – 1 (Cory Joseph)
Toronto Raptors – 1 (DeMar DeRozan)
Utah Jazz – 1 (Kosta Koufos)
Houston Rockets – 1 (Donte Green)
Atlanta Hawks – 0
New York Knicks – 0

Freshmen declared by university:

Kentucky – 10 (John Wall, DeMarcus Cousins, Daniel Orton, Eric Bledsoe, Brandon Knight, Marquis Teague, Anthony Davis, Michael Kidd-Gilchrist, Nerlens Noel, Archie Goodwin – does not include Enes Kanter, who attended, but never became eligible to play for Kentucky)
Ohio State – 5 (Greg Oden, Mike Conley Jr., Daquan Cook, Kosta Koufos, Byron Mullens)
Texas – 4 (Kevin Durant, Avery Bradley, Tristan Thompson, Cory Joseph)
Memphis – 3 (Shawne Williams, Derrick Rose, Tyreke Evans)
UCLA – 3 (Kevin Love, Jrue Holiday, Shabazz Muhammad)
Georgia Tech – 3 (Javaris Crittenton, Thaddeus Young, Derrick Favors)
Kansas – 3 (Xavier Henry, Josh Selby, Ben McLemore)
LSU – 2 (Tyrus Thomas and Anthony Randolph)
Washington – 2 (Spence Hawes and Tony Wroten)
USC – 2 (O.J. Mayo, DeMar DeRozan)
Kansas State – 2 (Bill Walker and Michael Beasley)
Arizona – 2 (Jerryd Bayless, Grant Jerrett)
Oklahoma – 2 (Tiny Gallon, Tommy Mason-Griffin)
Duke – 2 (Kyrie Irving, Austin Rivers)
1 – North Carolina (Brandon Wright), Indiana (Eric Gordon), North Carolina State (J.J. Hickson), Syracuse (Donte Green), Texas A&M (DeAndre Jordan), Cincinnati (Lance Stephenson), Tennessee (Tobias Harris), Florida (Brad Beal), UConn (Andre Drummond), St. John’s (Moe Harkless), Baylor (Quincy Miller), UNLV (Anthony Bennett), Pittsburgh (Steven Adams), Marshall (Hassan Whiteside), Southern Idaho (Nate Miles), Midland JC (Roscoe Davis), Providence (Ricky Ledo), Illinois (Jereme Richmond).

Career Earnings:

$60 million-$70 million – 1 (Kevin Durant)
$50 million-$59.9 million – 1 (Derrick Rose)
$40 million-$49.9 million – 2 (Eric Gordon, Kevin Love)
$30 million-$39.9 million – 6 (O.J Mayo, Michael Beasley, Thaddeus Young, DeAndre Jordan, Tyrus Thomas, Michael Conley Jr.)
$20 million-$29.9 million – 5(DeMar DeRozan, John Wall, Greg Oden, Tyreke Evans, Spencer Hawes)
$10 million-$19.9 million – 13 (Anthony Davis, Tristan Thompson, Anthony Randolph, Kosta Koufos, Daequan Cook, Shawne
Williams, Jerryd Bayless, J.J. Hickson, DeMarcus Cousins, Kyrie Irving, Jrue Holiday, Brandon Wright, Derrick Favors)
$5 million-$9.9 million – 9 (Donte Green, Anthony Bennett, Byron Mullens, Avery Bradley, Eric Bledsoe, Xavier Henry, Brandon Knight, Brad Beal, Michael Kidd-Gilchrist)
$500,000-$4.9 million – 20 (Ricky Ledo, Archie Goodwin, Quincy Miller, Josh Selby, Hassan Whiteside, Shabazz Muhammad, Steven Adams, Marquis Teague, Tony Wroten, Daniel Orton, Ben McLemore, Bill Walker, Nerlens Noel, Cory Joseph, Lance Stephenson, Maurice Harkless, Javaris Crittenton, Tobias Harris, Austin Rivers, Andre Drummond)
$0 – 6 (Nate Miles, Tiny Gallon, Tommy Mason-Griffin, Roscoe Davis, Jereme Richmond, Grant Jerrett)

What are your thoughts on the data? Is the NBA making the right choice by increasing the age limit, or are they trying to fix what isn’t broken? Leave your thoughts below!

Basketball Insiders intern Jesse Blancarte also contributed to this article.

Yannis Koutroupis is Basketball Insiders' Managing Site Editor and Senior Writer. He has been covering the NBA and NCAA for seven years.

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NBA Daily: Lessons From The 2018 NBA Draft

After a wild 2018 NBA Draft, here are four lessons and storylines worth watching over the next few years.

Ben Nadeau

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Now that the dust has settled on an unpredictable NBA Draft — what exactly have we learned? In amongst the unrelenting rumors, refused workouts and surprise reaches, there are a few key takeaways from Brooklyn. Of course, some of these are one-off instances, but others are definitely part of modern-day draft patterns. While draft night may sometimes seem like complete chaos or chance, each scenario on this rundown has been boiling over for weeks. Between passing on a talented prospect to letting an injured one slide, here are four important lessons from the 2018 NBA Draft.

Luka Dončić… Not The No. 1?

For months and months, it appeared as if Luka Dončić was poised to become the No. 1 overall pick in this draft. Even today, it’s hard to believe that somebody with Dončić’s age and resume wasn’t the top selection. In 2017-18 alone, the Slovenian took home EuroLeague MVP and Finals MVP plus ACB MVP, with championships in both leagues to boot — but here we are. Dončić averaged 14.1 points, 5.3 rebounds, 4.5 assists and 1.1 steals over just 25 minutes per game, quickly transforming into the most well-rounded overseas prospect of all-time. But as impressive as Dončić was throughout the spring, the potential ceilings of both DeAndre Ayton and Marvin Bagley III eventually won out.

At 7-foot-1, Ayton’s 20.1 points, 11.6 rebounds and 1.9 blocks per game were undeniably worthy of a top selection too, pairing well alongside Devin Booker and Josh Jackson for the foreseeable future. While the jury is still out on Bagley III — his defense needs some major fine-tuning — he won’t take key touches away from De’Aaron Fox either. More or less, nobody wants to be the organization to miss on such a franchise-altering pick. The Suns, Kings and even the Hawks may eventually regret passing on Dončić, but when general managers’ entire careers can depend on making the right choice at the right time, it’s not difficult to understand why the top of the draft unfolded as it did.

Playing Hard To Get Doesn’t Always Work Out…

As draft boards began to take shape, there was one particularly interesting situation sitting at No. 4 overall. Jaren Jackson Jr., solidly leading the second tier of prospects, was looking like a lock at the Memphis Grizzlies’ pick — but with one major caveat: Jackson Jr. reportedly didn’t work out or give his medical information to the franchise. After he was drafted, Jackson Jr. called those rumors “a tad out of context” — but, obviously, those are some massive red flags. Either way, Memphis went with their gut and selected the talented forward anyway.

But beyond all that, Memphis absolutely made the right move by sticking to their guns. Putting a modern three-point shooting, defensive-minded athlete next to Marc Gasol should prove to be an absolute nightmare for years to come. Naturally, Jackson Jr. will get plenty of easy looks from the stellar Mike Conley Jr. too — so if the draftee was once apprehensive, surely that will pass soon. Still, it reflects on a larger NBA pattern, wherein which prospective athletes sensibly look to mold their own path out of college. With players trying to control their draft narratives more than ever, it’s reassuring to see that some franchises will take their target first and then figure out the rest.

We may never know Jackson Jr.’s full thought process behind not working out for the Grizzlies, but there’s a great chance that the former Spartan was made for Memphis’ tough brand of basketball — and we should all be glad we’ll get to see it.

…But Injuries Will Lead To A Slide

Michael Porter Jr. — what a year for him, huh?

After missing out on much of his only collegiate season due to back surgery, Porter Jr. promised that he was feeling better than ever. But over the last month, scouts and front offices were treated to canceled workouts and hazy uncertainty. And, at the end of the day, it probably scared a handful of franchises away from the talented scorer. Just this week, the Kings heavily considered Porter Jr. at No. 2 overall — but even with that sudden unlikelihood passing by, few thought he’d drop out of the top ten altogether. Outside of the guaranteed money that Porter Jr. will miss out on, redshirting his rookie year may also be on the table as well.

The inherent upside with Porter Jr. is obvious, but — similarly to the Dončić issue — it’s tough to ask franchise officials to stake their livelihood on the prospect’s health. If Porter Jr.’s lingering issues stay with him and he never reaches his mountain of potential, that’s a tough pill to swallow. The 19-year-old would fall all the way down to No. 14, where the Denver Nuggets gladly scooped him up. During the combine in May, Porter Jr. called himself the best player in the draft — but it’s now up to him to prove them all wrong.

The Mysterious Men Nearly Miss Out

Let’s rewind to early April. Villanova had been just crowned NCAA champions for the second time in three years, the NBA playoffs were soundly on the horizon and mock drafts had begun to consistently pour out. Early on, there were two athletic big men that looked like shoo-ins as first-rounders: Robert Williams and Mitchell Robinson. Despite their undercooked skill-sets, both players pulled out of the combine and then waited for the hype to build — except, well, it didn’t. Williams, who was typically projected in the early teens, slipped out of the lottery entirely, only to be rescued by the Boston Celtics at No. 27. Williams is a booming, powerful prospect, but he could’ve really benefited from competing against the other top prospects in May.

Although he’s now landed in an ideal situation with Brad Stevens, Al Horford and a process-driven Celtics squad, Williams likely cost himself a whole load of money over the last 30-plus days as well.

In Robinson’s case, many believed his floor was the Los Angeles Lakers at No. 25 — rumors swirling that the 7-foot-1 center even received a promise from the illustrious franchise. Instead, Robinson dropped to the New York Knicks at No. 36 overall. Robinson had originally committed to Western Kentucky in July of 2017 before dropping out to prepare for the draft. After skipping the combine last month, Robinson indeed exhibited the potential to be both a steady shot-blocker and three-point maker during his individual evaluations. But with little to go off of but high school highlight reels and small session workout tapes, he understandably fell.

Sometimes the hype is impossible to ignore, but not participating in the combine and staying as mysterious as possible hurt these ultra-talented prospects.

While the 2018 NBA Draft wasn’t quite the trade-heavy, drama-laden extravaganza much of the world expected, there are plenty of narratives to reflect upon. At the end of the day, the ink is barely dry on this year’s festivities and it’ll be some time before there’s any indication of these successes or failures. Still, there are lessons to be learned from every draft, workout or injury process and these are four conversations worth considering as the NBA quickly rolls into the summer league season.

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VIDEO: 2018 NBA Draft Winners

Basketball Insiders Benny Nadeau and Moke Hamilton break down the 2018 NBA Draft, including the teams and players that may have done better than expected.

Basketball Insiders

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Basketball Insiders Benny Nadeau and Moke Hamilton break down the 2018 NBA Draft, including the teams and players that may have done better than expected.

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VIDEO: 2018 NBA Draft Losers

Basketball Insiders Benny Nadeau and Moke Hamilton break down the 2018 NBA Draft, including the teams and players that may not have done as well as expected.

Basketball Insiders

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Basketball Insiders Benny Nadeau and Moke Hamilton break down the 2018 NBA Draft, including the teams and players that may not have done as well as expected.

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