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Understanding Terms of NBA, NBPA’s Agreement

Basketball Insiders obtained a copy of the term sheet for the new Collective Bargaining Agreement.

Eric Pincus

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The NBA and NBPA agreed to a new labor deal on Wednesday that could provide labor peace for the next seven seasons – although both sides have opt-outs prior to the final year (2023-24).

Lawyers will hash out the new Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA), which needs to be ratified by both sides on or before January 13. In the meantime, Basketball Insiders obtained a copy of the term sheet.

The agreement is subject to change until the actual CBA is written and signed. Most, if not all, of the following will be incorporated in the final deal but nothing is set in stone just yet.

The basic split of Basketball Related Income (BRI) hasn’t changed, remaining a band of 49-51 percent to the players. With the luxury-tax formula also static, the new deal will not contain a one-time amnesty clause (previously used to waive an unwanted contract from the team’s books, although the player would still receive their compensation).

One tax-related change does stand out, for teams that trigger a hard cap, the spending limit will be initially $6 million above the tax threshold (up from $4 million).

The definition of BRI may have expanded, although the details aren’t included in the term sheet. For now, the projection for the 2017-18 salary cap remains $103 million.

For next season, the various Mid-Level Exceptions (MLE) and Bi-Annual Exception (BAE) will increase by 45 percent of what was scheduled in the current CBA. The full MLE will climb to $8.4 million, the taxpayer MLE to $5.2 million and the room MLE to $4.3 million. The BAE jumps to $3.3 million.

Starting with the 2018-19 season, the MLE and BAE will rise or fall at the same rate as the salary cap.

Similarly, veteran minimum salaries will adjust annually based on the salary cap, starting with a set schedule for 2017-18. The rookie minimum, which serves as the amount teams are charged for empty roster spots below 13, climbs to $815,615 (translating to lower cap room than was scheduled under the current deal, to the tune of $254,122 per roster charge).

Minimum salaries ramp up, depending on years of service, to as much as $2.3 million for those 10 or more years in the league. The league reimburses teams for the salary paid to a minimum player (on a one-year deal) over the scale amount of a two-year veteran’s minimum.

For example, an eight-year vet will earn $2.1 million but the team will be responsible for a cap hit of $1.5 million.

Under the current CBA, minimum contracts can be up to two years in length but the new salary scale details up to five years, which may represent a change in the rule.

The rookie scale for first-round picks also climbs for 2017-18 by 15 percent. Salaries also climb in the second year, first by five percent (instead of the previous raise of 4.5 percent) and then by an additional 30 percent. The third year jumps by 45 percent.

For instance, the top overall pick in the 2017 NBA Draft will have a rookie scale of $5.9 million, $6.9 million, $8.1 million and $10.2 million, for a total of $31.2 million.

Additionally, the cap hold for an unsigned first-rounder will be 120 percent of scale, which will further reduce the amount of cap space teams will have each summer.

Under the current CBA, the top-overall pick is scheduled to earn $5.1 million. That will climb to $7 million in the new CBA.

Cap holds for player at the end of rookie-scale contracts will increase from 200 percent to 250 percent for those above the league average – and from 250 percent to 300 percent for those under.

Teams can now send or receive up to $5.1 million in trades over the course of a season. Both rookie scale and cash in trade will also adjust with the salary cap.

Player raises will climb from 4.5 percent and 7.5 percent to five percent and eight percent.

The NBA’s moratorium is now set to end at noon (ET) on July 6 each season. While restricted free agents can now sign an offer sheet during the moratorium, the waiting period (which has generally shrunk from three days to two) doesn’t start until the end of the moratorium.

Teams can still unilaterally withdraw their qualifying offer to their own restricted free agent, but the deadline to do so has been moved up from July 23 to July 13.

In matching their own “Arenas Rule” free agents, teams will now have the choice to take on a cap hit of either the average or the actual salary.

For example, the Miami HEAT owe Tyler Johnson $5.6 million, $5.9 million, $19.2 million and $19.2 million over four seasons. While this won’t apply to Johnson, under the new CBA, Miami would have had the option to apply his salary to their cap at a flat $12.5 million per year.

Teams are no longer permitted to state publicly that they will match any offer sheets on their restricted free agent.

Matching salaries in trade will be easier for teams below the tax. Where it applies, the margin for trades has increased from 150 percent to 175 percent.

Players and teams can also agree to reduce (or even eliminate) a trade bonuses – an issue that could have scuttled trades under the current deal.

Maximum salaries are now based on 25 percent, 30 percent and 35 percent of the cap, a more-straight-forward computation than the current rule.

The “Over-36 Rule” has been changed to “Over-38.”

Basketball Insiders will break down changes to extensions, designated players, the NBA schedule, the concept of two-way contracts and other minutiae of the agreement in future articles.

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NBA Saturday: Jabari Bird Experiences The NBA Whirlwind

Jabari Bird entered a hostile environment Friday night after being on his couch just three days before.

Dennis Chambers

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When Gordon Hayward suffered a season-ending injury six minutes into the Boston Celtics’ season on Wednesday, he wasn’t the only player who saw his season changed in the blink of an eye.

“I was at home in California watching the game as a fan,” Jabari Bird said.

Bird was the 56th overall pick in last June’s NBA Draft. After playing his college ball at the University of California, the Celtics gave the 6-foot-6 swingman a shot to continue his career. After impressing throughout the preseason, Bird was signed to a two-way contract with Boston and returned home to the west coast.

That didn’t last long.

“After the game was over my phone was going off that I had to get on the quickest flight to Boston,” Bird said about opening night. “Got in 7:30 the next morning, suited up against Milwaukee, now I’m here in Philly.”

With the massive hole Hayward left in Boston’s roster due to his injury, the Celtics are going to have to turn to some unlikely performers throughout the season to pick up the slack. Bird didn’t light up the scoreboard or stuff his stat sheet, posting just three points and one rebound in 13 minutes of play. But down the stretch in a close game against the Philadelphia 76ers Friday night, Bird came up big on defense.

As the Celtics trailed the Sixers 61-53 with six minutes remaining in the third quarter, Bird subbed in for Jaylen Brown and was tasked with guarding J.J. Redick, who was in the midst of carrying Philadelphia with his lights out shooting.

After wiping away the Sixers lead and gaining an 86-84 advantage in the fourth quarter, the Celtics still had Bird sticking Redick. The Sixers’ shooting guard — and highest paid player — rose up for another three-point attempt which would’ve given Philadelphia a late lead and a momentum shift at home with a raucous crowd behind them. Only this time, Bird’s hand was in his face and the shot attempt didn’t find the back of the net.

In a big-time moment on the road, for a team facing a potential three-game losing streak to start the season, the unlikely rookie answered the call.

“Like I said before, he’s one of the best shooters in the NBA, really good perimeter scorer,” Bird said of Redick. “For the team to trust me with that responsibility, with us being down on the road needing to get a win, I was hyped up and ready to go. I was ready for the challenge.”

Placing such a responsibility like guarding Redick on a night where it seemed like the Sixers marksman couldn’t miss on a player who was sitting on his couch three nights ago seems like a bold strategy. Head coach Brad Stevens, however, knew what he was doing.

“All the way through preseason and training camp I felt like he was one of our better perimeter defenders,” Stevens said. “I think he has huge upside. His rebounding spoke for itself in preseason practices. His ability to guard off the ball, especially shooters coming off screens is just really good. He’s not afraid, and you knew he’d step up.”

Going from the couch to a red-eye flight from California to Boston, to the bench in Milwaukee, to the court in Philadelphia is nothing short of a whirlwind experience. With such a series of events, it’s hard to be coached into that moment. As a player, sometimes you have to just go out and play.

“I wasn’t prepared at all for tonight. Mentally I just had to lock into the game,” Bird said. “Coach just looked at me and said ‘Bird get Jaylen.’ ‘Alright.’ So that’s what I did.”

After signing Hayward to $127 million contract this summer, the Celtics were expecting the small forward to provide an elite scoring 1-2 scoring punch with Kyrie Irving. Obviously, at least for this season, Boston will need to move forward without that possibility. An opening night loss, followed by another defeat to Milwaukee the following night, had the Celtics 0-2 heading into Philadelphia and searching for answers a lot sooner than they may have anticipated just a week ago.

Bird’s journey during his first week in professional basketball represents how quickly things can change, and how the ripple effects of injuries and other moves have far outreaching waves.

“I was already packed, I was ready to go to the G-League,” Bird said. “We had training camp coming up. My bags were already packed, I was ready to get out the house. Then I got the call to go to Boston and I was like alright I’m ready to go, just gimmie a flight. And that’s what happened.”

All-star point guard, and Bird’s new teammate, Kyrie Irving doesn’t foresee the rookie leaving the clubhouse anytime soon. With the adversity the Boston Celtics have felt in the first week of the 2017-18 season, Bird’s addition and impact are a prime example of being ready when your number is called, and the culture this team is looking to create.

“Jabari is now probably gonna be on every trip with us,” Irving said. “Guys are gonna be called up and called upon to be ready to play. We just have to have that expectation that when we come into the game we’re gonna be able to play, and we trust one another and have each other’s backs.”

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Mavs Guard Devin Harris on Personal Leave from Team

Basketball Insiders

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Guard Devin Harris will take an indefinite leave from the Dallas Mavericks after the tragic death of his brother, Bruce.

“I was with him yesterday and just encouraged him that when he’s ready to come on back,” coach Rick Carlisle said. “I don’t know when that will be. He can take as long as he needs.”

Source: Tim MacMahon of ESPN

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NBA PM: Patrick Beverley Set the Tone for Clippers in Season Opener

Patrick Beverley set the tone for the L.A. Clippers with his aggressive defense in their season opener.

Jesse Blancarte

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“The LA Clippers are going to the Western Conference Finals. Guaranteed.”

That bold statement was made by Charles Barkley during TNT’s coverage of last night’s matchup between the Lakers and Clippers.

While Barkley may have had his hot take canon primed and in mid-season form, that should not overshadow the fact that the Los Angeles Clippers put together a strong showing in their first regular season game since the departure of Chris Paul.

Blake Griffin logged 29 points, 12 rebounds, three assists, two steals and knocked down three of his six three-point attempts. Griffin was aggressive and showed no hesitation on his jumper, which seemed to open up lanes for him to drive to the basket (where he is most effective). DeAndre Jordan was fantastic as well, contributing 14 points, 24 rebounds, one assist and one steal.

While the Clippers lost some significant contributors from last season, including J.J. Redick, Luc Mbah a Moute and Jamal Crawford, the team had some returning and new players show that they are capable of filling the void.

Milos Teodosic was just 2-9 from the field, but knocked down two three-pointers and looked comfortable and effective running the team’s offense. Danilo Gallinarni shot just 3-13 from the field but looked healthy and spry, displaying the kind of mobility that is necessary to play the small forward position. His ability to act as a secondary playmaker wasn’t on full display, but there were moments where it was apparent that he could be a big help in generating open looks for his teammates. Lou Williams also looked good in his Clippers debut, scoring in a variety of ways off the bench and contributing six assists as well. Wesley Johnson continues to look confident and aggressive, a continuation from his preseason performances, and is starting to knock down the open shots his teammates are creating for him (which has been a problem for him in the past).

While the Clippers looked solid in their opening act without Paul, it should be noted that the Lakers are a young team overall and their defense has been a major problem for the last few seasons. While the Lakers have added some promising young talent over the offseason, like most young teams, they are going to struggle to slow down veteran teams with potent offenses. It would be a mistake to think the Clippers can replicate this sort of offensive performance every night, especially against the better defensive teams in the league. However, perhaps the most promising part of the Clippers’ season debut was the fact that they seemed to feed off of and embrace the gritty demeanor and style of play that Patrick Beverley brings to the court each and every night.

Last night’s game was the NBA debut for rookie point guard Lonzo Ball, who many predict will develop into a star player. Unfortunately for Ball, his opening night matchup came against Beverley, who earned a spot on the 2017 All-Defensive First Team. Beverley repeatedly guarded Ball past half court, pushed him around and did everything he could to throw him off of his game. He held Ball to three points, nine rebounds and four assists in 29 minutes of action.

Beverley, like every NBA player, has heard the hype and noise surrounding Ball and his future in the league (most of it from his outspoken father, LaVar).

“I just had to set the tone,” Beverley said. “I told him after the game that due to all the riffraff his dad brings, that he’s going to get a lot of people coming at him. I let him know that after the game. What a better way to start than spending 94 feet guarding him tonight — welcome the young guy to the NBA.”

Beverley is one of the more aggressive defenders in the NBA and is known for trying to get under the skin of his opponents, so Lonzo may not face this level of intensity in every game. But based on Beverley’s comments, it’s clear that he expects other players around the league to defend Lonzo aggressively as well.

Snoop Dogg, the rapper and passionate Lakers fan, summed up the issue for Ball arguably better than anyone else has so far.

“His father put him in the lion’s den with pork chop drawers on,” said Snoop.

For his part, Lonzo complimented Beverley on his aggressive defense.

“[Beverley] plays hard. He knows his job. He does it very well,” said Ball. “He gets under people’s skin and plays defense and does what he can to help his team win.”

Beverley set the tone for the Clippers, who looked crisp and confident throughout the game. Griffin’s three-point shot looks like it could finally be a reliable part of his offensive arsenal. Jordan was very active on the glass, pulling down 24 rebounds (possibly inspired in part by his commitment to donate $100 per rebound this season to help the effort to rebuild his hometown of Houston after the damage inflicted by Hurricane Harvey). The rest of the supporting cast played with the sort of cohesion and confidence that takes at least a few weeks into the season to develop. Again, the Clippers’ performance could have stemmed primarily from the Lakers’ shaky defense, but it was encouraging to see the team play with such force and confidence in the absence of Paul.

The Western Conference is extremely talented and deep, so it’s unlikely that the Clippers will make it to the Western Conference Finals as Barkley predicted. However, challenging for a spot in the playoffs and perhaps even doing some damage once there seems to be in the realm of possibility. This is especially the case considering how much of an impact Beverley had Thursday night, both defensively and in setting the tone for the rest of his new teammates.

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