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What’ll Be in New Collective Bargaining Agreement?

Eric Pincus looks at what things must be addressed in a new (potential) NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement.

Eric Pincus



According to NBA Commissioner Adam Silver, negotiations with the NBA Players Association are “going very well,” and there’s “a great sense and spirit of cooperation across the table and a desire to move forward.”

The league’s 2011 Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) contains mutual opt-out clauses for both the owners and players, with a Dec. 15 deadline.  If neither side opts out, the existing deal will stay in force through the 2020-21 season.

While Silver wouldn’t put a “specific timetable” on negotiations, a hope remains that a revision to CBA can be agreed to prior to the mid-December date.

If either side chooses to opt out, without a new agreement in place, the current CBA will expire on June 30, followed by a lockout until a new deal is ratified.

On the heels of an historic $24.1 million jump in the league’s salary cap, due primarily to the NBA’s lucrative new national television deal, both the owners and players have incentive to avoid a stoppage in play.

Optimism from both Michelle Roberts, the NBPA’s Executive Director, and Silver suggests a new deal may indeed be reached at some point over the next two months.

If the NBA and the Players Association can lock in a deal by mid-December, teams will also have the advantage of understanding the financial landscape of the new deal as they approach the trade deadline and 2017 draft.

Without resolution, teams will be forced to operate in the dark.  Early resolution is the best case for all parties, guaranteeing an 82-game 2017-18 season sans lockout.

While details of the negotiation are being held closely between the two sides, what might a new CBA look like?  What issues will it need to address?

1. Revenue Split:

Always the big one, the battle over how much of the pie goes to the owners and how much goes to the players is the heart of the negotiation.  In 2011, the players accepted a decrease from 57 percent to band in the 49 to 51 percent range.  The formula is complex, but for the 2015-16 season, the players’ share was 50.83 percent of $5.3 billion, or $2.7 billion.  That number will climb significantly for 2016-17, with television money.

The owners’ argument is that the current CBA is yielding more to the players at roughly 51 percent, than the old system at 57 percent.  From the union’s perspective, they took a sizable hit in the last negotiation, team valuations are through the roof, and they deserve to be made whole.

Ultimately, rhetoric only goes so far.  At the bargaining table, both sides need to compromise.  Will the owners give back, or will the players accept cosmetic changes and status quo on revenue?

Whatever the answer, the NBA currently projects a $102 million salary cap for next season, but raising the player’s stake could translate into a $2 million jump per additional point of BRI – more if revenue climbs above the league’s current expectation.

That assumes the basic structure of a new deal is a basic modification of the existing agreement, and not a complete overhaul.

2. Proportional Scale Salaries

Maximum salaries are tied to revenue. A 10-year veteran’s max climbed from $23 million to $31 million with the jump to $94.1 million.  That’s great for players who can get a maximum contract, and it was helpful on a wider scale than usual this summer with most of the league armed with cap room.

In a typical offseason, however, most free agents are hoping to get paid via an exception (Mid-Level, Bi-Annual or Room) or, at worst, a minimum contract.  Each of those salaries are based on a set scale in the CBA that is not tied to revenue.

A 10-year veteran on a minimum deal in 2015-16 would have earned $1.5 million.  That number rose just $52,472 for the current year.  The Mid-Level climbed by only $164,000, despite the $24.1 million cap jump.

Additionally, rookie-scale contracts for first-round draft picks are based on a schedule devised in 2011, independent of revenue.

Top overall pick Ben Simmons was able to sign a contract with the Philadelphia 76ers starting at $5.9 million.  A year prior, Karl-Anthony Towns earned $5.7 million in his rookie season.

Look for this imbalance to be rectified in some fashion in a new agreement.

3. Fix Extensions

What worked in the current agreement was the rookie-scale extension.  Across the board, young stars like Kyrie Irving, Anthony Davis and Damian Lillard re-upped with their existing teams – which was the league’s goal in the 2011 negotiation.

One aspect was less successful.  The Rose Rule was a clever (perhaps too clever) reward for franchise-level players on rookie-scale extensions (with a bump to the second-level maximum).  The criteria to qualify included two trips to the All-NBA First, Second or Third Teams, or instead two All-Star starter selections by fan vote.  A single Most Valuable Player award would also do the trick.

Given that Zaza Pachulia was almost voted in as an All-Star does more than suggest a flawed system.  Davis did not qualify for his Rose Rule extension based on All-Star voting, costing him roughly $24 million.

Meanwhile, All-NBA Teams and MVP are voted on by the media, which is a good or a bad thing, depending on which scribe you ask.

When determining millions of dollars in salary, the requirements should be independent of the fans and media.

That quibble aside, the 2011 CBA killed veteran extensions.  With the salary cap jumping higher than the 7.5 percent raise allowed in extension, high-salaried players have had no incentive to sign contract extensions.

The Utah Jazz would presumably prefer for Gordon Hayward to opt out of his 2017-18 salary, and sign an extension at the maximum for next season – but the most he can ink for is a deal starting at $17.3 million.

Naturally, that doesn’t make a lot of sense for Hayward as he’ll be eligible for a maximum deal that could start at approximately $28.8 million (under the current CBA).

Rookie-scale extensions can indicate “max,” while veterans are stuck with a 7.5 percent bump.  Instead, Hayward is likely to opt out to become an unrestricted free agent.  Perhaps he re-signs in Utah, but he’ll have plenty of suitors from around the league.

4. Draft/Age Limit/D-League

Significant draft reform doesn’t appear to be on the docket, but change could come in an expanded NBA draft.

The NBA Development League has grown to 22 teams.  It won’t be long until each NBA franchise has their own affiliate.  The draft may expand to a third round, to help populate the talent pool.

A big issue for the D-League is budgeting, with salaries maxing out at approximately $25,000.  A new CBA will presumably help fund the NBA’s minor league, which may take the form of two-way contracts – that pay one rate when a player is in the NBA, and a lower amount in the D-League.

Additionally, Silver has made it well known that owners would prefer a higher age limit – with players entering the NBA two years removed from graduating high school.  The current CBA requires players to wait a year after high school.

The union may not like the idea, but if the league concedes in another area, the NBA entry age could change.

5. Numerous Additional Items

The actual list of topics for the owners and union is lengthy, from luxury tax computation to drug testing, escrow, amnesty, cap holds, international buy-outs, trade limitations, etc.

Typically, the biggest hurdle is revenue split, but the minutia can be overwhelming.  That an agreement may be hashed out without the duress of lockout should help the league and union attack the secondary and tertiary issues with clearer heads.


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NBA Daily: Checking In With Terrance Ferguson

Oklahoma City Thunder rookie Terrance Ferguson talks to Basketball Insiders about learning from his teammates, earning minutes and being mentally tough.

Ben Nadeau



Before he reached the NBA, the Oklahoma City Thunder’s Terrance Ferguson was once often referred to as a man of mystery. After changing course on two different programs in a two-month span, Ferguson ditched the typical one-and-done collegiate season for an adventure on the other side of the planet. But even after the Thunder selected Ferguson with the No. 21 overall pick in last year’s draft — the questions still lingered. How would a teenager with one season overseas adjust to the world’s most physical basketball league?

Not many rookies can contribute to a 40-plus win squad out in the cutthroat Western Conference so quickly — but down the stretch, here Ferguson is doing just that. With the Thunder locked in a tight playoff battle with six others teams, the 19-year-old’s hard-working personality has fit alongside the roster’s three perennial All-Stars — Russell Westbrook, Paul George and Carmelo Anthony. And although his rookie season has come with some growing pains, Ferguson is earning meaningful minutes and making the most of them.

“I think it’s my work ethic, I come in every day with the same mentality,” Ferguson said. “I work my butt off — inside the game, being physical. Even though I’m a skinny guy, as everyone can see, I’m still everywhere on the floor being physical. I think [the coaching staff] really likes that, especially on the defensive end.”

Skinny or not, Ferguson is one of the league’s youngest players, so the 6-foot-7 guard has plenty of room to grow — literally. But for now, he’s playing an integral role on an Oklahoma City team looking to protect its high postseason seed. Late January brought the unfortunate season-ending injury to Andre Roberson — an All-Defensive Second Team honoree in 2016-17 — so the Thunder have needed both new and old players to step up in bigger roles.

While those candidates included the three-point shooting Alex Abrines, veteran Raymond Felton and the newly-acquired Corey Brewer, Ferguson’s recent rise in the rotation has arguably been the most interesting development. Since the calendar flipped to January, Ferguson has featured in almost all of the Thunder’s games, tallying just two DNP-CDs and one missed contest following a concussion. This steady diet of opportunity comes as a stark contrast to the 15 games in which he received no playing time, spanning from the season’s opening tip to the new year.

Of course, playing time is not always indicative of success, but Ferguson himself isn’t surprised that he’s carved out a crucial role ahead of the playoffs.

“Not really, it’s all up to coach’s decision,” Ferguson told Basketball Insiders. “I’m just here playing my part, staying ready at all times and some minutes came, so I’mma take them and play to the best of my ability.”

Back in October, Basketball Insiders’ own Joel Brigham spoke to Ferguson about his unconventional path to NBA and the choice to spend a year grinding with the Adelaide 36ers, an Australian outfit. In the land down under, Ferguson averaged just 15 minutes a night, considerably less than he would’ve likely received as a highly-recruited prospect here in America. Some five months later, Ferguson’s early-season stance on the move still stands out.

“I’m living the dream now, right? I must have done the right thing,” Ferguson said.

Today, it’s hard to disagree with Ferguson’s decisions considering that they’re currently paying off. In 2009, Brandon Jennings became the first to skip college and play in Europe before being drafted, with Emmanuel Mudiay most notably following in his footsteps six years later. While those two point guards both were selected in the top ten of their draft classes — at No. 10 and No. 7, respectively — it still remains the road far less traveled.

Considered raw by most pre-draft evaluations, an early expectation was that Ferguson would spend much of the season with the Oklahoma City Blue, the Thunder’s G-League affiliate. Instead, Ferguson has played in only three games with the Blue, where he has averaged a commendable 14.7 points, four rebounds and 1.3 steals per game.

But as of late, the Thunder have found somebody that’ll always work hard, learn from others and do the little things that don’t show up in the box score.

“I’ve learned a lot more from when I first started,” Ferguson told Basketball Insiders. “I got great teammates — I got Nick Collison, I got Russ, PG, Melo, so just picking their brains. I got Corey now, so just the work ethic they put in, just picking their brains each and every day about what I can do better, watching game film, it’s a lot of things.”

When he was drafted, Ferguson had a reputation as a skyscraping leaper with the athleticism to become an elite perimeter defender. Although his current averages with the Thunder understate his innate potential, Ferguson knows he can contribute without scoring — even noting that he can make up for it “on the other side of the court.” Playing defense and competing hard every night, he has slowly made a name for himself.

And while Ferguson has tallied far more single-digit scoring outings than his 24-point breakout performance in early January, he’s earned the trust of head coach Billy Donovan and his veteran teammates, which is something the rookie will never take for granted.

“Coach believes in me and that means a lot to me,” Ferguson said. “But my teammates believe in me, so I’m not gonna let them down. I’m gonna go out every day and play my hardest, compete and try to get the win each and every night.”

One might assume that his year abroad in Australia helped to mentally mold him into the high-flying, hard-nosed rookie we see today. Ferguson, however, contends that he’s had that edge from the very beginning.

“I’ve been mentally tough, it wasn’t overseas that did that,” Ferguson told Basketball Insiders. “I had to be mentally tough just to go over there — so I’ve always had that mentality, the [desire] to just dominate, play to the best of my ability and compete.”

And now he’s doing just that in the NBA.

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Is Kyrie Irving’s Second Opinion a Cause for Concern?

Shane Rhodes breaks down the tough situation the Celtics are in with Kyrie Irving.

Shane Rhodes



The Boston Celtics are in one awful predicament.

With a third of the roster out due to injury, Brad Stevens has been forced into the impossible task of maintaining Boston’s championship aspirations with some subpar talent; while they have performed admirably, the likes of Abdel Nader and Semi Ojeleye wouldn’t see the same run they are currently on with most contenders. Gordon Hayward has missed the entire season, save a few minutes on opening night. Kyrie Irving, Jaylen Brown, Marcus Smart and Daniel Theis are all currently out, some for the year and others not. Key contributors Al Horford, Marcus Morris and others have missed time as well.

It couldn’t get worse, could it?

Well, it may just have. Reports surfaced Tuesday that Irving, who had missed time this season — including the last four games — with left knee soreness, is seeking a second opinion after a lack of progress in his recovery.

In the wake of the Isaiah Thomas fiasco and his ailing hip last Summer, an injury that lingered deep into this season, the Celtics will likely be more than cautious with Irving, whom they gave up a haul (the rights to the 2018 Brooklyn Nets first round pick, most notably), to acquire. But one can only wonder if these persistent issues — Irving’s left knee was surgically repaired after he sustained a fractured kneecap in 2015, and he reportedly threatened the Cleveland Cavaliers with surgery this offseason before his trade to Boston — are a cause for concern for general manager Danny Ainge and the Celtics.

The situation presents the Celtics with a quandary, to say the least.

Knee injuries aren’t exactly a death-knell, but fans need not look far for to see the devastating effect they can have on NBA players (e.g. Derrick Rose). They can snowball and, over time, even the best players will break down. Regardless of the severity, Irving’s knee issue presents problems both now and in the future.

The problems now are obvious: the Celtics, already down Gordon Hayward, cannot afford to lose Irving if they are at all interested in making a Finals run this season. Boston struggles mightily on the offensive end when Irving and his 24.4 points, 3.8 rebounds and 5.1 assists aren’t on the court. In a playoff atmosphere, especially, the team would sorely miss his scoring prowess.

Looking ahead, if Irving is dealing with these problems at the age of 25, what could the future hold for the All-Star guard? Knee issues, most lower body issues in general, are often of the chronic variety, and constant maintenance can wear on people, both mentally and physically.

Just a season separated from a likely super-max payday, will the Celtics want to commit big-money long-term to potentially damaged goods?

If there is a silver lining in it all, it is the fact that 20-year-old rookie Jayson Tatum must now shoulder the scoring load, something that should go a long way in building on the potential that made him the No. 3 overall pick last June. And, should Irving miss the remainder of this season, exposure to the fires of the playoffs should only temper the Celtics’ young roster. In the event that Irving’s absence isn’t prolonged, time like this could only serve to strengthen the roster around him.

Still, Ainge brought Irving to Boston for a reason: he was meant to lead the Celtics into battle, alongside Gordon Hayward and Al Horford, in their quest for a title. Obviously, he can’t do that from the bench. Without Irving at 100 percent, the Celtics are not a championship caliber squad, healthy Gordon Hayward or not. That fact alone will make Irving’s situation one to monitor going forward and for the foreseeable future.

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NBA Daily: Houston Has It All

Deciphering whether Houston is a contender or pretender is tough, but they’re making it easy.

Lang Greene



It is very easy to get caught up in the NBA regular-season hyperbole. The past is littered with a plethora of NBA teams that looked like world-beaters in the regular season only to pull up lame in the playoffs and emerge as a bunch of pretenders.

So when it comes to the Houston Rockets, it’s no surprise many pundits and fans of the game fall heavily on one side or the other. The 2017-18 Rockets are a polarizing squad in that respect. On one side of the fence, you have the folks that are struggling to get behind Houston until they see how the franchise performs in the playoffs under the brightest of lights and on the biggest of stages. On the other, folks that place a great deal of weight on the 82-game regular season and the ability to sustain consistency throughout the marathon.

As always, the truth is somewhere in the middle.

At the top of Houston’s lineup are two future Hall of Famers in James Harden and Chris Paul. The latter was a perennial star in his heyday and is still a top-tier talent in the league. Harden, on the other hand, is closing in on his first MVP award and had serious cases for winning the honors in prior seasons, as well. Both Harden and Paul are criticized for their past playoff failures.

Paul entered the league during the 2006 season and has been dogged by the ever looming fact that he’s never reached a Conference Finals. Harden has been to the NBA Finals but has been dogged for multiple playoff missteps and shaky performances that remain etched in everyone’s memory. But something about this season’s Rockets team (57-14) seems different as the duo closes in on 60 wins.

One way to measure the true greatness of a NBA team is evaluating how many ways the roster can win playing a variety of styles. From the eyeball test, Houston checks the boxes in this category. The team sustains leads during blowouts. They have an offense built to erase large deficits quickly. The team possesses the talent to employ an array of versatile lineups to withstand top heat from opposing teams. Head coach Mike D’Antoni has shown the ability to adjust on the fly during certain situations. Houston is seemingly comprised of a bunch of guys that are selfless and ready to sacrifice at this stage of their respective careers.

Time will tell on all of those aforementioned aspects, but the Rockets are built to compete and win now. On paper at least, the team fits the criteria.

Floor Generalship

Paul has a chance to go down as a top five point guard in NBA history .His court vision is unquestioned and his big men always seem to end up being in the top five of field goal percentage each season (i.e. Tyson Chandler, DeAndre Jordan and now Clint Capela). In years past, the Rockets faltered down the stretch of games because the entire system ran through Harden. But this year’s club has the luxury of taking some of the on-ball expectation away from Harden and by giving the rock to Paul who naturally thrives in this role the squad doesn’t take a step back on the floor.

This is going to be big for Houston which has seen Harden gassed late in playoff games from carrying the entire load.

Small Ball Ready

Presumably standing between the Rockets and an appearance in the NBA Finals are the Golden State Warriors. The Warriors turned the NBA upside down with their free-flowing offense, long range accuracy and the successful ability to push the pace while playing small ball.

At the height of Golden State’s success they employed the “death lineup” which places All-Star forward Draymond Green at center. In different variations this gives the Warriors five guys on the court who can dribble, drive, pass and shoot. Versatility is important and if you look at this year’s Rockets team they have the ability to match the death lineup with their own version. Veteran forward P.J. Tucker would be able to guard Green in this scenario at center or Houston could just rely on the athleticism of Capela.


When it comes to defense, the Rockets will never be confused for the bad boy Detroit Pistons of yesteryear, however, the team has an assortment of individually capable defenders on the roster. Paul has all defensive team honors hanging on his mantle during his time in the league. Small forward Trevor Ariza made his bones in the league by placing an emphasis on defense. Before Capela emerged as a double-digit scorer, he was relied on as a defensive spark off the bench. Luc Mbah a Moute has a reputation and consistent track record of being a very willing defender.

Shooting, Versatility and Experience

All of this success, leads to the variation D’Antoni can put out onto the floor. The versatility to go with a small ball lineup or a lineup heavily skewed toward defenders is a luxury amenity. Houston also features five guys with 125 or more three-pointers made this season with Harden, Eric Gordon, Ariza, Paul and Ryan Anderson leading the way. A sixth, Tucker, should join the +100 club before season’s end. Veteran Gerald Green has only played 30 games with the franchise but has already knocked down 76 attempts from distance.

Experience is key as well. This year’s Rockets team features only one player under 25, receiving 25 or more minutes per night in the rotation. Look at NBA history, title winning teams are full of veterans not second or third year players.


Again, the Rockets will never be confused with the late 80s or early 90s Pistons but the team has more than a few guys that don’t shy away from contact or physical play. The collection of Nene, Tucker, Green and Ariza have had more than their share of shoving matches when things get heated on the floor.

With the start of the NBA playoffs (April 14) under a month away, the Rockets continue to build momentum toward a title run. Will Harden and Paul’s playoff demons from the past emerge or is their first true shot at greatness with a complete team? These questions will soon be answered.

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